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Non-institutional Family Based Care

One of the core principles of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act 2015 is that institutionalisation must be the last resort for children.  Experiences of children and research studies across the world show long term adverse impact of institutionalisation on children. Non-institutional family-based alternative care such as kinship care and foster care are considered to be the preferred options on the continuum of care as these options prevent institutionalisation of children and supports their right to grow up in a family environment.<.br> Foster care is defined as care of children in a family other than their biological family in the absence of a biological family or when care in the family or extended family is not possible. In India, foster care is practised as individual foster care and group foster care. The first variant refers to the care of a child under a foster family. Group foster care is ‘a family-like care in a fit facility for children in need of care and protection who are without parental care. 
Kinship care is defined as family-based care within the child's extended family or with close friends of the family known to the child, whether formal or informal. In India, kinship care for children without adequate parental care is the most common form of care traditionally.


RESOURCES

  • Alternative Care in India: Issues and Prospects
    Seema Naaz and Zubair Meena, 2019

    This paper presents the current vulnerabilities faced by children and the scenario of child protection in India. While discussing the legal provisions prevailing in the country, it sheds light on the socio-cultural barriers that are creating resistance within the society in making the Alternative Care model a success.

  • Family-Based Alternate Care for Children (FBACC)
    Shoba Koshy, 2022

    This report talks about the significant takeaways from the workshop on “De-institutionalisation and Family Based Alternative Care” organised by the Government of Kerala with the support of UNICEF, where they, four other states, viz. Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Uttar Pradesh, as well as an international organisation, ‘Hope and Homes for Children’, shared their experiences in addressing these challenges.