Non-institutional Family Based Care

One of the core principles of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act 2015 is that institutionalisation must be the last resort for children.  Experiences of children and research studies across the world show long term adverse impact of institutionalisation on children. Non-institutional family-based alternative care such as kinship care and foster care are considered to be the preferred options on the continuum of care as these options prevent institutionalisation of children and supports their right to grow up in a family environment.<.br> Foster care is defined as care of children in a family other than their biological family in the absence of a biological family or when care in the family or extended family is not possible. In India, foster care is practised as individual foster care and group foster care. The first variant refers to the care of a child under a foster family. Group foster care is ‘a family-like care in a fit facility for children in need of care and protection who are without parental care. 
Kinship care is defined as family-based care within the child's extended family or with close friends of the family known to the child, whether formal or informal. In India, kinship care for children without adequate parental care is the most common form of care traditionally.


  • Tracing the Evolution of Alternative Care for Children in India in the Last Decade and the Way Forward
    Maninder Kaur- India Alternative Care Network (IACN) | Nilima Mehta- Professor & National Consultant | Subhadeep Adhikary- Child in Need Institute (CINI) | Anamika Viswanath- Miracle Foundation India, 2023

    This paper intends to capture the landscape of alternative care and its evolution in India, drawing from the review of the legal and policy framework, existing literature, and detailed discussions with CSOs and State functionaries. It brings out the role of stakeholders, good practices and challenges in implementing alternative care over the last decade, and provides recommendations for achieving a safe and nurturing family environment for children in vulnerable situations.

  • Kinship Care in India- A Case Study Documentation
    India Alternative Care Network, 2023

    This report emerges from the strong conviction of India Alternative Care Network (IACN) that all children deserve to grow up in loving and nurturing family environments. Families are essential for the emotional, physical, and cognitive growth of children. Hence all efforts should be made to provide family-based care to children without parental care, and institutionalisation should be a measure of last resort for the optimum development of children.

  • Alternative Care in India: Issues and Prospects
    Seema Naaz and Zubair Meena, 2019

    This paper presents the current vulnerabilities faced by children and the scenario of child protection in India. While discussing the legal provisions prevailing in the country, it sheds light on the socio-cultural barriers that are creating resistance within the society in making the Alternative Care model a success.