Foster Care

Foster care is a system of non-institutional family-based care under which a child lives with a family other than their biological family. A child may be placed in foster care in the absence of a biological family or when care in the family or extended family is not possible. Keeping in view the needs of a child, foster care may be of short or long duration. While short-term foster care is for a period not exceeding one year, long-term foster care exceeds one year and can be extended periodically till the child attains 18 years of age. In India, foster care is practised as individual foster care and group foster care. The first variant refers to the care of a child under a foster family. Group foster care is ‘a family-like care in a fit facility for children in need of care and protection who are without parental care. According to Juvenile Justice Rules 2016, the number of children in a group foster care unit should not exceed eight children, including biological children of the foster caregiver. (Foster Care, Udayan Care and UNICEF India Country Office India, 2016)


  • User Guide on Foster Care
    Centre of Excellence in Alternative Care (India) and National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), 2018

    This User Guide aims to provide a comprehensive approach to the development of a good quality foster care service, which will be useful for a range of practitioners including the Child Welfare Committee (CWC) responsible for approval and monitoring of foster families, District Child Protection Unit (DCPU) responsible for developing the foster care service, NGOs who may support foster care, and any individual or organisation who has a role to play.

  • Foster Care
    Udayan Care and UNICEF, 2016

    This booklet covers the latest legal and policy framework on foster care in India. The purpose of this documentation is to make people in the field of child protection comprehend the concept of foster care in India. This booklet has been written for child care practitioners, those working in the government offices, members of District Child Protection Units, Child Welfare Committees and Juvenile Justice Boards, social workers, caregivers, staff and management at child care institutions, State agencies as well as by beginners and volunteers in the field of Alternative Care.

  • Foster Care in India: Policy Brief
    Centre for Law and Policy Research and Foster Care India, 2014

    Based on an analysis of the current provisions of foster care in India, along with the rules and schemes on foster care framed by states in India, more specifically in Delhi and Goa, this policy brief makes recommendations to fill the gaps and shortcomings to move towards a comprehensive legal framework for foster care. It also includes analyses of the best practices from other countries to support the recommendations.