Foster Care

Foster care is a system of non-institutional family-based care under which a child lives with a family other than their biological family. A child may be placed in foster care in the absence of a biological family or when care in the family or extended family is not possible. Keeping in view the needs of a child, foster care may be of short or long duration. While short-term foster care is for a period not exceeding one year, long-term foster care exceeds one year and can be extended periodically till the child attains 18 years of age. In India, foster care is practised as individual foster care and group foster care. The first variant refers to the care of a child under a foster family. Group foster care is ‘a family-like care in a fit facility for children in need of care and protection who are without parental care. According to Juvenile Justice Rules 2016, the number of children in a group foster care unit should not exceed eight children, including biological children of the foster caregiver. (Foster Care, Udayan Care and UNICEF India Country Office India, 2016)


  • Foster Family Renewed Hope and New Life: A study on the practice of foster care for children in India
    BOSCO, 2013

    This study is a systematic exploration in understanding foster care practices to promote and spread the concept. The research study documents the practices and initiatives are undertaken on foster care practices in nine states in India and provides an-in-depth documentation of insights, challenges and learnings and the way forward to provide an outline for foster care in India, in the backdrop of lack of a common framework.