Care In Institutions

Institutional care refers to the care, protection, rehabilitation and social reintegration of children in difficult and vulnerable circumstances in an institutional setting under the guidance and supervision of child care professionals whose actions are governed by the standards as prescribed by the law of the land. The Juvenile Justice Act 2015 sets standards of care and protection for children for different types of child care institutions. It is important to note that the focus of child care in India as well as in many countries across the world has shifted from institutional to family or community-based child care, as is recommended by international instruments on child care and researches on the issue. This change in approach is reflected in India’s National Policy for Children 2013, which has identified one of its key priorities as ensuring a range of care options that are non-institutional, family-based and community-based. (Standards of Care in Child Care Institutions, Udayan Care and UNICEF India Country Office, 2016)


  • Tools for Working with Children in Institutional Care
    Counsel to Secure Justice , 2021

    This knowledge resource discusses and provides examples of practice tools, worksheets and calming techniques (in English and Hindi) which counsellors and adults can use while working with children who are in institutional care. These tools are developed and compiled by Counsel to Secure Justice (CSJ) based on experiences and interventions of working with children in institutions. Along with the tools, the paper reviews evidence on the impact of institutionalisation on children and evidence-based interventions that can help mitigate this impact while interweaving CSJ’s experiences and interventions. The latter part of the paper presents tools and calming techniques in the form of worksheets and pictorial representations. The tools and techniques in this resource are part of CSJ’s interventions with children in CCIsincluding in the form of in-person interactions/counselling, virtual interventions during COVID 19 and the restorative circle processes. The tools are developed and compiled to provide visual aid and illustration during counselling and other interactions with children. The exercises can help in engaging children to think and express. The tools can help build rapport and work with children who find it difficult to express their emotions and experiences verbally. The worksheets and calming techniques around coping can help the children practise the coping techniques and equip them to use it for themselves. CSJ understands these tools have limitations and are examples of practice tools and techniques adapted or modified by the counsellors. These are not a replacement of in-person, telephonic, individual or group counselling, therapy or any psychological/psychiatric intervention for severe mental health conditions and disorders. None of these tools can be used for psychological or psychometric testing or diagnosis.

  • Does de-institutionalization always serve ‘best interest’ of the child - A study of the ground realities of restoration of Children
    Catalyst for Social Action , 2020

    This paper is the result of a field study conducted by Catalysts for Social Action (CSA) on the outcomes of restoration of 29 ‘Children in Need of Care and Protection’ (CNCP) who were residing in Child Care Institutions (CCIs) in Madhya Pradesh. The study was conducted in the year 2018-19 to analyse the process which was followed, to look into the followup and support provided after the child was restored with the family, to gather information on the situation of the child, and find out the effect of deinstitutionalisation on various growth and development parameters of the children. The core argument of this paper is that while every child has a right to grow up with his / her family and the Government’s efforts towards restoration of institutionalised children with their family is a step in the right direction, undertaking the exercise without diligently following due process, without ascertaining whether the risk due to which the child was institutionalised has been mitigated, without ensuring that the family is supported to care for the child, and without periodic monitoring of the effect of restoration on the child, can lead to adverse outcomes for the child, contrary to the envisaged objective of restoration. This argument is supported by findings of the study, which reveals gaps in the system and indicates a degree of non-compliance with critical steps of the process. As a result, most of the children restored with their family were found to be living in detrimental circumstances. This leads to the question as to whether the deinstitutionalisation or restoration of children with family indeed proved to be in the best interest of the child, as it has been envisaged to be. In its conclusion, the paper recommends actions for policymakers and for the implementers drawing from finding of the study and CSA’s experience of working with stakeholders in the child protection system.

  • Summary Report Mid-term Review for Family Based Care Pilot Project with Base Model CCIs
    Miracle Foundation , 2020

    In March 2019, Miracle Foundation collaborated with two Child Care Institutions (CCIs): Gokul Balika Ashram for girls – Matrumandir (Devrukh - Ratnagiri, Maharashtra) and AARAMBH Boys home (Indore, Madhya Pradesh) to create a replicable model for other CCIs to effectively help children in transition to Family-Based Alternative Care through systemic change by engaging multiple stakeholders. This pilot initiative is for a period of two years (Year 1: March 2019 – April 2020, Year 2: April 2020 – March 2021). This report is a documentation of the mid-term review of the project at the end of one year and provides learnings and challenges so far. It also gives an opportunity to reflect and make a course correction and to track the progress of the project indicators as per the plan.