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Kinship Care

Kinship care is defined as family-based care within the child's extended family or with close friends of the family known to the child, whether formal or informal. In India, kinship care for children without adequate parental care is the most common form of care in almost all regions, religions, castes and ethnic groups due to the tradition of the joint family system and close ties among relatives. In the difficult and remote terrains of Ladakh, it is a common practice for children from rural areas to live with a relative or a family friend in urban areas to access education. In certain districts of Maharashtra, an overwhelming number of children are left in the care of grandparents as parents migrate for employment. Along with inadequate parental care for children, the reasons mentioned above are the common practices accounting for kinship care of children. In a few states in India, there are sponsorship schemes like ‘Parwarish’ in Bihar, ‘Bal Sangopan Yojana’ in Maharashtra, ‘Palanhar Yojna’ in Rajasthan, ‘Palak Mata-Pita’ in Gujarat, and ‘Biju Surkahsa Yojana’ in Orissa that can benefit children and caregivers in kinship care.